Plastic comes from crude oil and natural gases. Of the total crude oil produced, 90% were used as fuel. The balance 10% were used for the production of petrochemical products.
Of the 10% that were sent to petrochemical plants, approximately 5% of it were used for fertilizers, solvent and other lubricants. The other 5% were to produce plastics monomers – the basic ingredient of plastic materials.
The next stage is to convert these monomers into various types of plastic materials that are suited for various application. From this 5% of plastic materials produced, 3% goes to the production of synthetic rubber, paints and synthetic fibers for making garments and clothing. Finally, 2% goes to the production of physical plastic products that we commonly see around us.
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